6505 (4) Theory of Administration
This course introduces the students to the methods of operations
research and its role in the decision making process, some topics to
be covered will be: queueing theory, decisions under risk and
uncertainty, decision trees, projection methods, break even and
6548 (3) Hospital Administration
The hospital is studied as a complex open system, examining the
organizational structure and behavior necessary to solve its
problems effectively and efficiently. Problems of the hospital
industry and their possible solutions are presented.
6568 (3) Special Topics
Under the supervision of faculty members, students undertake the
study of specific administrative problems in the field of public
health, particularly those in the hospital setting.
6571 (4) Budgeting Theories and Practice
Modern budgeting concepts are examined as instruments for
programming and planning activities in the health field. The various
stages of the budgeting process are analyzed. Budgeting theories are
adapted to practices geared to designed and manage a budget.
6572 (4) Theory of Administration
The content and development of the field of administration are
examined and analyzed, covering the public and private sector, as
well as general administration and administration of health
services. The administrative process is viewed as a social one,
designed to solve problems by means of the organization of resources
for the accomplishment of organizational objective and their
application to the situation.
6576 (3) Comparative Health Systems
Health systems in our contemporary stated as basic source of
comparison and study. An analysis of the international sector with
special emphasis on the relationship between bureaucratic models,
political, and economic systems is made. The course includes the
study of bureaucratic and political models in developed and
developing countries. Special attention is given to comparisons
between health systems and the role of the health administrator in
development of emergent health systems.
6579 (4) Organizational Behavior
Nature and dynamics of organizational behavior affecting health
services administration and individuals. The course aims at
developing students' awareness of their own behavior and how it can
affect their work within health services organizations. Behavioral
patterns and models are studied in order to guide students in the
decision making process within health organizations and in their
role as health administrators.
6580 Health and Development
Structural innovations in the health sector in response to the
changing needs and opportunities of developing countries are
examined. Structural, economic and social changes that occur in the
development process of a society are examined in terms of how they
affect the health of the population. Traditional measures to deal
with morbidity and mortality patterns are discussed and new
approaches are suggested.
6583 (3) Legal Aspects in Health Services
This course is designed to offer students of the health professions
the fundamental knowledge on the structure, organization, and
operation of the legislative process, regarding the approval of
legislation and regulation that apply to the health care field. The
course familiarizes the students with the application of legislation
and regulation both in the commonwealth as well as federal scenario,
and enables them to employ the experience and knowledge gained in
their specific employment.
6584 (3) Health Politics and Policy
This course is designed to introduce students pursuing a career in
the health care field to public policy formulation, and its impact
on the organization, financing, and delivery of health services. The
course examines the role of major actors and institutions, including
government, providers, consumers and insurers as well as
professional polices. Topics are presented from the perspective of
the health care environments of Puerto Rico and the United States,
with a comparative approach in each topic. Also, the policy decision
process at different levels will be presented and discussed using
political, social, and economic frameworks. The latter part of the
course addresses specific issues that are currently being debated.
6585 (3) Health Economics
This course has the main purpose of providing the student with
analytical tools of economic theory to better understand the
economic forces shaping the health care sector. Emphasis is given to
issues related to demand, and supply of health services cost
containment measures, the role of health insurance, provider
reimbursement, and theories regarding health care cost inflation.
6586 (4) Health Systems I
Methods or modes of health services delivery are critically analyzed
against parameters derived from general concepts of administration
and organization theories, ecology of health; and against standards
of good health services such as accessibility, quality, efficiency,
continuity and comprehensiveness.
6591 Quantitative decision-making for health services administration
This course introduces health services administration graduate
students to statistical methods for decision-making. Topics covered
will be operation research, break-even analysis, probability theory,
random variables, cybernetic and statistical process control,
inventory analysis, and sampling. The application will be on the
management and control of health services. A user-friendly
statistical program will be used for all calculations and
estimations in order to emphasize intuitive reasoning. Students will
have opportunity to work in teams.
6592 Quantitative decision-making for health services administration
Statistical inference applied to the health services administration,
operation research methods like queueing theory and linear
programming will be introduced. Emphasis is on application using
microcomputer software programs.
6593 (3) Capstone Seminar
This course is designed to integrate the coursework covered in
previous trimesters. The course enables students to build linkages
between areas of study, provides a setting for testing their own
level of knowledge and analytical skills, as well as identifying the
need for tutoring and advising in specific areas. The case method is
used as the primary teaching tool with guidelines for completing the
6594 (4) Planning, Development and Evaluation of Health Services
Planning is viewed as a dynamic and continuous process aimed toward
the implementation of programs and projects necessary to achieve
goals and objectives established in policies adopted by public and
6597 (0) Administrative Residency
This residency is a logistically planned extension of the previous
academic quarters. It provides and integrates experience for the
application of theoretical concepts and principles in real life
situations. Each student will be under the supervision of a
6598 (3) Information Systems in Health Services Administration
This course is an introduction to the basic principles underlying
the design and operation of information systems, including the
organizational and behavioral aspects of implementing them.
6600 (3) Management of Healthcare Organizations
This course is designed to serve as an integrative experience of the
managerial decision making process, as viewed through different
management-oriented courses of the Health Services Administration
curriculum. The course follows a lecture and discussion format in
which the student is confronted with the managerial decision making
process in real world situations, brought by invited speakers. This
experience is further strengthened by site visits to selected
organizations that serve as a direct observation experience for the
topics areas: organized and integrated delivery systems; the role of
managed care in different reform proposals; issues of health care
financing, and leadership through human, capital and information
6607 (3) Health Care Cost Accounting
This course provides the student enrolled in the health services
administration program the necessary analytical tools to determine
the cost of the different components that intervene in the delivery
of health services. The student will acquire skills in determining
the human, technical, and capital resources that comprise the
production of health services. These skills are of special
importance in the new health care scenario, in which resources are
limited, and managed care arrangements rely heavily on cost data to
meet extensive demands for multiple health priorities. The course
will be taught through lectures and discussion.
6609 (3) Health Care Financial Management
This course is designed to develop health care financial management
competencies in the health services administration student, to be
applied in different health care settings. The course focuses
specifically on investment and financing decisions in the health
care corporate and institutional levels. The course includes topics
in capital budgeting, uses of capital financing, evaluation of
investment projects, financial reporting and statement analysis,
rate setting and negotiation, and the effect of managed care on
financial management. The course will be offered principally through
lectures and class discussions.
6610 (3) Principles of Health Insurance and Managed Care
The course is designed for students seeking a working knowledge of
health insurance and managed care at a time when the United States
and Puerto Rico are facing a major health care reform. Students will
acquire a working knowledge of managed care concepts as it relates
to the Puerto Rico and United States health insurance industry. Upon
the completion of the course, students will be able to apply the
concepts of managed care to their work environment and evaluate the
performance and outcomes of health care organizations.
6625 (4) Human Resources Management
The course is designed for students undergoing graduate level
training to assume executive positions in the health care field. The
course provides the student the opportunity to become familiarized
with the managerial and labor legislation activities in the field of
human resources management and methods from this field to the
healthcare scenario. It also has the purpose of generating
interpersonal and organizational skills that are critical to human
6705 (3) Applied Research Seminar
The Applied Research Seminar is a practicum investigation, focusing
on particular issues and situations impacting managerial decision
making in health services organizations. Students work closely with
a faculty member and the residency preceptor in formulating and
implementing the study. This course provides the students with the
opportunity to apply the managerial skills obtained in previous
courses to a research problem in their residency setting; in turn
health organizations benefit from the outcomes of the research
8005 (3) Organizational and Administrative Elements of Health
This course provides a comprehensive introduction to theories and
applications of organization and management in the public health
field. The student will acquire skills that are necessary to operate
effectively in normative positions at health agencies, institutions,
and programs. The course focuses on subject matter related to
management, budgeting strategic planning, public policy making, and
community participation. It also addresses current regulation in the
health field, the design and evaluation of programs, and the
monitoring of the quality of services. The course is presented
mainly in a lecture format, and is augmented with case studies and
guest lectures related to current health conditions in Puerto Rico.
6525 (5) Statistical Analysis
Statistical analysis for the application of the scientific method as
a fundamental component to the health field. Includes descriptive
analysis of qualitative and quantitative variables, principles of
regression and correlation analysis, time series, basic theory of
probability distribution, and significance tests.
6535 (4) Statistical Inference
Statistical inference and its application to decision making
utilizing experimental and survey data is presented. The course
includes lectures and problem sessions on the following topics:
mathematical theory of probability, binomial model, normal
distribution, poison distribution, use and interpretation of
significance tests, basic regression analysis, analysis of variance,
and non-parametric tests.
6537 (4) Non-parametric Statistical Inference
Review of tests of hypothesis followed by a discussion of the choice
of that statistical technique which is best suited for analyzing a
given batch of data. Includes a comparison of parametric statistical
tests, and introduces the student to the theory of measurement. The
principal topics included are: Chi-square, the Sign test, the
Kilmogorov test, the Fisher Exact Probability test, and Cochran Q
tests, the Friedman Two-way Analysis of Variable by Ranks, the
Kruskal-Wallis Analysis of Variance by Ranks, the Spearman Rank
Correlation Coefficient, the Contingency Coefficient C, and other
6545 (4) Introduction to Sampling Theory
The theory and application of sampling is presented. Simple random,
stratified and systematic samples, subsampling, cost factors and
sources of error are discussed. The use of sampling theory in
surveys is emphasized.
6555 (3) Regression and Correlation Analysis
Covers the regression and correlation theory of parametric
statistics: linear and simple nonlinear regression and correlation,
minimum squares biased and unbiased estimators, confidence
intervals, variance analysis, analysis of residual errors; and
review of the literature concerning matrixes and determinants.
6605 (4) Statistical Computing Applied to Public Health
This course introduces the students to the use of statistical
computing packages and its use in the management of public health
8005 (3) Advanced Methods in Biostatistics
The main purpose of this course is to facilitate that doctoral
students from public health learn and be able to apply advanced
statistical methods to research studies related to the public health
field. It is expected that students integrate the lineal models
concepts, sampling, use of statistical package and its application
in research projects. The course covers the following topics: power
of a statistical test and sample size, analysis of variance for
factorial experiments, multiple regression models, tests for
confounding and interaction effect, residual analysis, logistic
regression, adjusted odds ratio, poisson regression, adjusted
relative risk, Kaplan-Meire survival function, cox proportional
hazard model, principal components, and factor analysis. During the
course the students will use some statistical software packages such
as SAS, SPSS, GLIM and MINITAB to perform the necessary
6099 (1-6) Special Topics in Social Sciences
This course will be offered by a special arrangement where the
student agrees to carry out a study or research project or an
independent study with a faculty member of the Social Sciences Unit.
It may include the following activities: readings, literature
review, field work, etc. A minimum of 24 hours are required for each
academic credit, to be determined according to the type of project
proposed by the student and the average time that it will require.
It will be counted as an elective course.
6500 (3) Socio-cultural Aspects
This course is designed for students in the master programs in
Health Services Administration and Public Health. It offers an
overview of the nature and functioning of the social system form the
health systems perspective. The socio-cultural and psychological
dimension of health behavior is explored. Health systems components
such as hospitals and other health services are examined from a
sociological and psychological perspective.
6501(6) Social Structure and Social Change
This course offers an in-depth analysis of the various theories of
the social structure and the social processes underlying it. It
emphasizes the systemic and interdependent character of the social
order. The course also examines explanatory theories and views of
social change. It seeks to make students conscious of the need to
analyze social facts in light of the social context in which they
originate, and expose them to the necessary theoretical elements
that will enable them to examine the dynamics of social change in
its historical development.
6506 (4) Social Environment
This course examines the processes of man in his interaction with
his environment from an ecological perspective. The causes and
effects of the rupture of man's ecological equilibrium are discussed
emphasizing the phenomenon of urban growth and its implications.
6538 (2) Culture, Society and Complex Organizations
The main objective of this course is to offer an understanding of
social, cultural and psychological variables, which affect the
integration of health organizations to the community. Some of the
topics discussed are: interorganizational levels, structural
integration of the organization to the society, communication within
the organization, the community and the clientele, decision making
processes, mechanisms to detect needs and social indicators.
6545 (3) Women: A Biosocial Perspective
An overview of the interrelationship between social and health
aspects and how they affect contemporary women is presented. Gender
as a social stratifier, theories of women's status and roles, the
interrelationship between social and health aspects of women by age
groups, and women and the health services delivery system are among
the topics discussed.
6547 (3) Population and Society
This course offers an introduction to the study of social structure
and social change and their interaction with population dynamics.
The course will offer an overview of the different theoretical
approaches that attempt to explain social change. It will also
analyze the social structure and the social changes that have taken
place in Puerto Rico and how these have affected some of Puerto
Rico's demographic processes and dynamics.
6600 (3) Research Methods
Basic principles regarding the selection, planning and conducting of
research projects are discussed. Emphasis is given to survey
methodology, the design of forms and questionnaires, interviewing,
and processing statistical data.
8005 (3) Culture, Social Inequity and Community Health
This course, directed toward Public Health Doctoral students,
emphasizes the social and cultural circumstances of the
health-illness continuum.. The student will analyze critically the
health and illness processes from the own interpretation of the
individual given the social circumstances of individual and
communities. It includes concepts such as social organization,
social inequity, and the manner in which these affect the health of
the individual and community. This course will also explore the
social and cultural context of behaviors in health and illness;
accessibility to health care services; and the diverse response to
health problems taken by communities and individuals.
6505 (3) Introduction to Public Health and Developmental
This course provides the student the fundament knowledge in the
basic areas of Public health such as level of prevention, ecological
system, risk, health indicator and introduction and
conceptualization of team work, and interdisciplinary intervention.
The above will be present using the developmental disabilities
concepts as framework.
6506 (3) Typical and Atypical Child Development from 0 to 5 Years
This course provides the student the fundamental knowledge in the
basic areas of typical developments of infants and toddlers. The
course emphasizes toward the human development and visualizes the
development of infants and toddlers within the family and social
The course includes observation and participation exercises.
Throughout this course the student will study the child growth and
development with an integral vision. This will be an
interdisciplinary perspective where the student will study different
development theories as a framework of the course. This course will
discuss the growth and developmental stages from birth to 5 years
old, including the factors that could affect or impact these stages,
interrupting the normal development.
6507 (3) Assistance to Family with Children with Special Needs
This course provides the students the fundamental knowledge in the
area of family development with special emphasis on those families
that have children with special needs. This course includes a
perspective about the familiar and the ecological systems, and the
attention of the family as a nucleus. The course is directed to
enable the professionals that work with families of children with
6508 (3) Assessment of Infants and Pre-scholars with Developmental
This course provides the student the knowledge and application of
assessment procedures for the identification, screening, and
evaluation of infants and pre-scholars with developmental
disabilities or at high risk.
6509 (3) Community Service Delivery in Early Intervention
This course offers the students fundamental knowledge and applied
experiences in early intervention models of services; its legal and
theoretical bases. In the course the students will discuss the
agencies, and professions function in early intervention in the
process of the laws implementation. Also the course includes
observation and participation exercises, using different team models
as reference. The student will realize a critical analysis of these
services and the controversies related with them.
6510 (3) Planning, Implementation, and Evaluation of Early
Intervention Programs, Developmental Disabilities
This course offers the student the fundamental knowledge and
techniques in the planning, implementation and evaluation process of
early intervention services. The course content attends to describe
the service program philosophy, the need assessment, and the
identification of appropriate models; individualized approach, and
the funding strategies to the implementation. It is expected that
the student present a service of program proposal at the end of the
6535 (4) Seminar in Management of Conditions and Specific Risks
This course provides the conceptual and clinical framework to
examine the management of conditions and specific risks of age
groups from neonate to five years from a preventive perspective of
early intervention. The developmental model is discussed as an
interaction of constitutional, maturational, and environmental
variables. The educational methodology and applications activities
are framed within the interdisciplinary intervention models.
6537 (4) Service Coordination
This course provides integrating experiences so that the students
develop competencies that will enable them to link the services
system for the child with developmental disabilities and the family.
The student will learn to coordinate various components at the
system with the aim of attending optimal results and guarantee the
continuity of services. The educational methodology and application
activities will be framed within the interdisciplinary and
transdisciplinary intervention models.
6539 (4) Legislation and Public Policy in the Early Intervention
Area Developmental Disabilities
In this course students examine existent legislation and public
policy in the area of early intervention and developmental
deficiencies. It is discussed the process of formulation of public
policy as well as the needed roles and skills duping the process.
The strategies to influence and modify the public policy for the
benefit of the population to 0-5 years and their family are also
6545 (4) Interdisciplinary Practice in Early Intervention
This course provides experiences in the area of early intervention
with children with developmental deficiencies and their family
according to selected area of interest: clinical/educational
intervention, service coordination, or public policy. Throughout the
practice students will demonstrate conceptual and methodological
competencies as well as the needed attitudes, roles and skills for
the management of different conditions or situations in public and
private community settings. The educational methodology and
application activities are framed within the interdisciplinary and
trans-disciplinary intervention models.
6547 (4) Core Developmental Disabilities
This course has been designed for students, professional, service
providers who are interested in acquiring basic knowledge on
developmental disabilities. This course does not substitute the
specialty courses in the Graduate Certificate in Developmental
Disabilities: early intervention. The Course intends to prepare
students and professional in the field of Public Health, and other
related fields in the provision of services for this population. As
part of the course requirements students will participate in a field
visit and practical experience.
6500 (4) Introduction to Demography
This is an introductory and required course for the students of the
Master Program in Demography. It presents a global vision of the
study of human populations from a demographic perspective. The
course provides for an analysis of the dynamics and interrelation of
the different demographic variables. The course is presented through
conferences and discussions.
6546 (4) Mortality
In this course the level of mortality and the factors which explain
the differences in mortality among some population groups are
discussed. Methods used for the analysis of mortality, particularly
the life table technique, are presented.
6555 (4) Fertility and Population Growth
This is a graduate course in which changes in fertility levels and
patterns are discussed. Techniques of demographic analysis are
emphasized as well as factors associated with differences among some
population groups. Theories and techniques of analysis of population
growth are also presented as well as factors associated with
fertility differences among some population groups. Fertility and
population trends are analyzed and the most important theories
developed to explain these changes are discussed. The most important
techniques of fertility and population growth analysis are
emphasized. Exercises to apply these changes is an important
component of the course as well as discussions of some relevant
6560 (4) Research Methods
This course focuses on the different steps involved in the research
process. Special attention is offered to those particular methods
used in the Demography area. The diverse research methods addressed
in class will be applied to the Demography area. It is expected that
at the end of the course students will have acquired basic skills to
do research in the area of Demography.
6565 (4) Migration, Population Distribution, and Urbanism
The trends and characteristics of migratory movements of population
distribution and of urbanism are analyze in this graduate course
within a framework of social change and economic development through
lectures and class discussion. Development of several explanatory
theories of these three processes are also analyzed, as well as the
data sources and methods used in their analysis. The main internal
and external migrations, the population distribution patterns and
the structure of the urban communities in different types of
societies are studied. It is expected that at the end of the course
the student had developed analysis skills for the study of these
three components as well for the evaluation of the components=
trends and causes.
6602 (3) Seminar on Demographic Studies in
This seminar is devoted to the analysis of the demographic situation
of Puerto Rico considering its historical trend. Changes in
mortality and fertility rates, as well as the phenomenon of
migration between the United States and Puerto Rico, and internal
migration are analyzed. Population growth, its geographic
distribution and population characteristics are studied as well as
population policies adopted on the Island.
6606 (4) Use of SPSS Program and Other Scientific Research
Introduces students to programming and automatic processing of data
by means of SPSS (Statistical Package for the Social Sciences). By
using this Program students will learn to process data from their
research, regardless of the concerned discipline. Besides, this
course will provide knowledge on concepts and language used in
programming so that the researcher will be able to communicate
effectively with experts in this area. Students will be also
initiated in the use of the Software SAS.
6607 (4) Population and Economics
This course offers a general vision of the central problem and ideas
of contemporary economics. It emphasizes the relationship between
economics and the study of population at both, theoretical and
empirical levels. In addition, this course presents the demographic
transition of Puerto Rico within its economic development. In this
way we can visualize with a real example the relationship between
economic and demographic variables.
6615 (3) Supervised Practice in Demography
This is a graduate course whose objective is that students could
apply to real life situations the theoretical and methodological
knowledge acquired in the different courses. This experience will
facilitate the student transition from the academic to the
occupational environment since he/she will assume the tasks and
responsibilities that a demographer can undertake at work. These
will vary in terms of place as well as in content and type of
problem encountered. Students will be exposed to a program at
different agencies so as to become familiar with the diversity of
contribution that demographers can make to the social, economic and
health life of the country. He/she will undertake a demographic
analysis as demanded by the different institutions.
6621 (2) Research Project 1
This course is a graduate course in which students will plan and
develop the proposal of their research project in Demography under
close supervision of at least one faculty or member of the Program.
During course, students will select their research theme, will
present an annotated bibliography will write the objectives of there
research and will submit the complete proposal in typewriting. They
will make also an oral presentation of the proposal.
6622 (4) Research Project II
This is a graduate course, which comprises the development of a
research project in some Demographic topic under the supervision of
a dissertation committee. It comprises the collection of needed
data, creation of data files, data processing and analysis and oral
presentation of the results. Students will make, also, an oral
presentation. Periodic meetings with the members of the thesis
committee will be held so as to monitor students=s progress.
6401 Foundations of health promotion and health education I
This course seeks to expose students to the theoretical bases of
health education and health promotion. The historical development of
each concept, its philosophy goals and objectives are studied.
Students will have the opportunity to see the scope of health
education through the settings where it takes place. Students will
also examine ethical issues of the practice of the profession.
Theoretical experiences include conferences and group discussions.
This will be complemented with visits to programs of agencies
offering education for health services.
6402 Foundations of health promotion and health education II
This course is geared to the analytic examination of different
theories, models, and approaches in health education. Traditional
and innovative educational methods and techniques that can be used
by health educators to stimulate changes in health behavior of
groups through health education and health promotion will be
addressed. Lectures, oral presentations, group discussions, readings
and term papers and field visits will be used to attain the course
6505 Theory and application of communication in health promotion and
This course is geared to developing communication skills for health
promotion and health education. The student will develop skills in
interpersonal, group and mass communication. The importance of
social communication in health promotion and health education is
discussed. To achieve the proposed objectives strategies such as
exercise, presentations, and group discussion will be used. The
student will develop a health communication plan for a specific
6514 (3) School Health
The objectives, organization and administration of a school health
program are studied. Students have the opportunity to evaluate a
school district=s health education program in order to determine the
extent to which it is serving the health education needs of the
student population. This assessment serves as the basis for the
design of a school health program for the district.
6556 (3) Community Mental Health
In this course, the philosophical and historical foundations of
community mental health are considered. The impact of social and
cultural factors upon the life-style of individuals in contemporary
society is analyzed. Emphasis is given to the ways people deal with
and adjust to their environment, and the different theories of
personality development. Critical analysis of mental health concepts
and issues is encouraged.
6563 (3) Intervention Methods in Health Promotion and Health
The purpose of the course is to study Health Promotion and Health
Education as a process for the development, maintenance and behavior
modification of the human being. The goal is to develop the optimum
state of health in individuals. Emphasis will be given to the study
of strategies to change individual health behaviors such as:
behavior modification, assertive training, micro counseling, and
management of emotions through the life span. The students will
apply these strategies in their interventions. There will be
conferences, group discussions, role-playing, lectures and field
6565 (3) Administrative Aspects of Health Promotion and Health
This course is geared to provide students with an overview of the
administrative theories and their application to health promotion
and health education programs. General principles of supervision as
well as the roles of the supervisor are also included. In addition,
the course seeks to initiate in the students the development of the
necessary skills that contribute to assume an effective
administrative role. Theoretical component of the course will be
given through lectures and group discussions and will be also
complemented with practical experiences in public and private
organizations that have health promotion and health education
6566 (4) Research Methods in Health Promotion and Health Education
In this course, student must design a research project that
represent a contribution to the knowledge and practice of health
promotion and education. An oral presentation must be made to the
Research Committee. Student must complete the research project under
the supervision of the Research Committee. Individual and group
discussions and meetings with members of the Research Committee,
independent study and written work will be used.
6567 (3) Intervention Methods in Health Promotion and Health
The purpose of the course is to analyze the principal intervention
methods in the field of health promotion and health education
through lectures and group discussion. Emphasis will be given to the
study of strategies at the community, institutional, structural and
worldwide level. The emphasis is to evaluate the effectiveness of
these strategies in achieving the optimum state of health at the
community and at the organizational level.
6568 (3) Health Professional as Group Facilitator
This course is aimed to help students develop group facilitator's
skills. There will be opportunities to perform this role as well as
the co-facilitator and observer role. The facilitator's function as
seen in communities and health promotion and education programs and
factors that influence group processes are analyzed. The importance
of this function in health professions is discussed. Progressive
skills as group facilitator and observer will be developed by
students. Conferences, exercises and group discussions,
role-playing, community educational interventions and written work
will be used.
6570 (3) Planning in Health Promotion and Education Program
In this course, theoretical aspects of the planning process are
studied. Also the steps and principles applied to health education
projects and programs are included. The students will develop the
skills for the design, organization, and implementation of the
health promotion and health education program in different settings
and levels. The course will be offered through conferences and group
6571 (3) Evaluation of Health Promotion and Health Education
The evaluation of educational programs, within our health education
context, is studied. The main evaluation models, methods and
techniques and their use in the evaluation of educational programs
will be discussed. The course will be offered through conferences
and group discussions. The students will design an evaluation plan
for a particular health education program.
6572 (3) Health Promotion and Education Research Project
In this course, student must complete a research project design that
represent a contribution to the knowledge and practice field of
health promotion and education. An oral presentation must be made to
the Research Committee. Student must complete the research project
under the supervision of the Research Committee. Individual and
group discussions and meeting with members of the Research
Committee, independent study and written work will be used.
6575 (3) Intervention Methods in Community Mental Health
This course presents an overview of the different intervention
methods derived from the study of theoretical models of human
behavior. Methods utilized in health education practice to promote
changes in the community and in organizations in the area of mental
health are examined. Students design an action plan for an
educational intervention at the community level.
6576 (3) Mental Health Problems Seminar
Priority problems in mental health in Puerto Rico are considered in
this course. The psychological aspects of problems such as violence,
substance abuse, family conflicts, and problems related to sexual
behavior are analyzed. Students have the opportunity to make field
6577 (2) Introduction to Theoretical Models of Human Behavior
In this course some of the theoretical models developed to explain
human behavior are studied. Emphasis is given to the medical,
systemic, existential, and holistic models. The basic concepts,
methodology, application, limitations, and evolution of these models
are considered. The course includes visits and case discussions.
6578 (2) Seminar on
Child School Health Problems and Needs
The fundamental health problems and needs of the school-aged child
in Puerto Rico are analyzed. Particular consideration is given to
strategies geared to deal with these problems in a school health
program, as well as to the role of a school health educator and
other members of the school health team.
6580 (3) Introduction to Human Sexuality
Primarily a content course for health personnel and others who will
use the subject matter in their professional work. Topics include
anatomy and physiology of the reproductive system (male and female),
pregnancy, prenatal anatomic and physiology sexual differentiation
and development, the physiology of childbirth and fertility
6581 (3) Human Sexuality I
Social psychological approach to the study of human sexual behavior
with emphasis on attitudes and values. The focus is on the
functional rather than dysfunctional aspects of sexuality.
Autoerotic, homosexual, bi-sexual and heterosexual behaviors are
examined. There will be site visits and interviews.
6582 (3) Human Sexuality II
Presents an overview of the dysfunctional aspects of human
sexuality. Non-standard forms of human sexuality are examined.
Non-standard forms of human sexual behavior are examined. Emphasis
on attitudes and values is given. Recent research is reviewed. Case
studies is the main learning strategy.
6585(3) The Teaching Human Sexuality
This is a practical course for the development of educational
programs in human sexuality for schools, churches and agencies. Role
of the family and school in sex education is discussed. Methodology
and resource materials are examined. Basic questions concerning
teacher's role are explored. Laboratory experience in individual and
small group development of teaching programs in human sexuality is
6586(3) Sexually Transmitted Diseases Education
Review and analysis of the role and impact of education in the
modification of sexual practices with emphasis in the prevention of
sexually transmitted disease. Includes the etiology of selected STD,
the groups or individuals at risk, those exact behavior that
education efforts must be design to influence, and the STD control
components which play a role.
6587(3) Counseling in Human Sexuality
Application of individual and counseling theories and techniques to
the ever emerging needs of individuals in the area of human
sexuality. Psychological and social foundation underlying the
counseling process; and relevant research data are examined.
6595 (6) Supervised Practice in Health Promotion and Health
The supervised practice allows students to apply concepts and
principles of health education and promotion to real life
situations. It also offers them the opportunity to assume the role
of the health educator and the responsibilities this entails.
6995 (3) Special Topics in Health Education
This is an independent study course under the supervision of the
program faculty. Activities may include readings, literature
reviews, and fieldwork, among others.
6501 (3) Systematic Planning of Instruction
This course offers the student the opportunity to develop the
knowledge, skills, and attitudes necessary in a teacher such as that
of learning facilitator, academic counselor, human relations
facilitator, member of a teaching team, and health specialist.
Special consideration is given to the systematic planning and design
of the learning experience.
6503 (3) Principles of Curriculum Design and Development
This course aims to develop basic skills in the area of curriculum
design as it relates to educational programs in the health sciences.
6505 (3) Principles of Higher Education
This course presents the fundamental concepts and principles of
education and their philosophical, psychological, sociological,
economic, and historical bases. Laboratory exercises are directed
toward the conceptualization of the principles of learning and the
variables intervening in the instructional process.
6507 (3) Educational Evaluation Methods
This course presents an overview of the different methods and
techniques of educational evaluation and measurement most commonly
used in the teaching of health sciences at the university level.
Special emphasis will be given to the role of testing in education,
test design, and other measurement instruments. Analysis of
information collected through the measuring processes and its role
in decision-making will be discussed.
6509 (3) Administration in Higher Education
The course has been designed to facilitate the educational program
administrator's role by providing him/her with the necessary
knowledge, skills, and attitudes that will enable him/her to perform
in an efficient and effective way. The course encompasses a
multidisciplinary view of administration as a social system. An
administration model is presented integrating economics and the
behavioral sciences, and the principal schools and theories within
each one. The administrative process is viewed as a complex set of
activities geared to keep, maintain, and improve educational
6005 (2) Reproductive Physiology for Nurse -Midwives
This course addresses the physiology of human reproduction in order
to gain proficiency in diagnosis of the normal and recognition of
deviations from the normal. The following content is emphasized:
menstrual cycle, physiologic changes of pregnancy, labor and
delivery, reproductive endocrinology, conception, interrelationship
between mother and fetus, the maternal-fetal placental physiology
and introduction to gynecology.
6006 (3) Human Sexuality and Well Woman Gynecology
This course is designed to increase students understanding and
acceptance of their own sexuality and that of others. The
psychosexual development of the individual is discussed, as well as
preparation for marriage and family living. This course emphasizes
the management of common gynecologic problems including sexually
transmitted diseases. Parameters for differential diagnosis,
treatment modalities including, co-management, collaboration and
referrals when indicated, are taught. Counseling, education and
provision of birth control methods will be discussed. Legal,
ethical, religious issues related to family planning will also be
included. This course also addresses the management of care of the
woman during the pre-menopause and post-menopause, including
therapies for alleviating the common discomforts that accompany
aging. Emphasis is given to the role of nurse midwife in the
delivery of effective family planning services and women=s health
6007 (2) Pharmacology for Nurse -Midwifery
This course is oriented toward the review of the action,
indications, contraindications, side effects of drugs commonly used
during prenatal, labor, delivery, postpartum, family planning and in
the care of the newborn. Medication standing orders for the
nurse-midwife are evaluated and analyzed, as well as the use of
complementary therapies in primary care of women.
Normal Obstetrics Management
This course uses the framework of the nurse-midwifery management
process for the primary care of the normal women and her newborn
during the maternity cycle. Management skills for care during
preconception, pregnancy, labor, delivery, postpartum and immediate
care of the newborn are included. Specific skills include supportive
care during labor, performance of local and regional anesthesia,
repair of episiotomy and lacerations, delivery of the baby and
immediate care of the newborn. The education of the family is
stressed and the different approaches to childbirth preparation are
analyzed. The functions and responsibility of being a health team
member is discussed.
6025 Fundamental Concepts in Public Health
In this course the nurse-midwifery certificate students become
acquainted with basic concepts, skills, and methods that underline
public health practice. It presents the basic disciplines in the
field of public health using interdisciplinary approach. Through
class discussions, workshops and field experiences, alternatives for
meeting the needs of women and children are presented. The
nurse-midwifery roles in health promotion, conservation, and
restoration, as well as disease prevention are discussed, with
emphasis in their responsibility as members of the health team.
6026 (1) Genetics and Genetic Counseling in Nurse -Midwifery
This course provides an integrated view on genetic disorders of
major public health importance. The preventive aspects, diagnostic
procedure, services, resources for the population at risk are
6027 (3) Problems and Complications of Obstetrics
This course is designed to provide the students the basic knowledge
and critical evaluation of deviations from normal, complication and
risk factors affecting the health of women and fetus during
preconception, pregnancy, labor, delivery and postpartum. Building
upon previous course works the students will expand their knowledge
in order to promptly recognize health problems, deviations and risk
in order to implement prevention strategies, management and
emergency treatment. The nurse-midwifery role in complications which
require physician consultation and referral is emphasized.
6028 (2) Maternal and Infant Nutrition
This course teaches about the reciprocal relationship that exists
between reproduction and nutrition. The influence of nutrition
during the periods of preconception, pregnancy and on the final
outcome of pregnancy is discussed. The effects of nutrition on
growth, physical and mental development and the relation between
nutrition and illness and maternal lactation are fundamentals
components of the course.
6029 (2) Care of the Newborn
This course emphasizes the theoretical, conceptual and practical
bases fundamental to assessment and management of the normal
newborn. Special attention is given to risk factors affecting growth
and development. Complications of the intra-uterine and neonatal
periods are stressed. Emphasis is on the role of the nurse-midwife
in the prevention of birth disorders, education, recognition of
complications, deviations and management of the most common
disorders of the neonate.
6030 (1) Planning and Organization of Maternal and Infant Nurse
This course deals with the basic principles of health planning for
the development and organization of maternal, infant and
nurse-midwifery services. It includes basic concepts of problem
solving, staffing, budgeting, coordination and evaluation. The
students will carry out an assessment of a specific area in order to
determine needs and priorities and made appropriate recommendations.
6035 (2) Nurse-Midwifery Practice and Management I
The first part of the course introduces the student to the
nurse-midwifery management process as the framework for providing
primary care to essentially healthy women though the life cycle.
Techniques of history taking, physical assessment and utilization of
common screening test are emphasized. Principles of health
promotion, disease prevention and management techniques and
therapies, including complementary therapies for the treatment of
common health problems of essentially healthy women are included.
6036 (2) Nurse-Midwifery Practice and Management II
This course is a continuation of Nurse-Midwifery Practice and
Management I. Principles of health promotion, disease preventions
and management techniques and therapies for the treatment of health
problems of essentially healthy women are included. The student is
also introduced to nurse-midwifery and midwifery. The professional
responsibilities of the certified nurse-midwives are emphasized.
6037 (5) Nurse-Midwifery Clinical Management and Practice
This course runs for two trimesters and consists of 860 hours of
supervised clinical experience in all phases of the maternal cycle.
The students assumes, under faculty supervision, responsibility for
clinical management of the essentially normal women during the
antepartum, intrapartum, postpartum, and interconceptual period.
Telephone and home visit follow-up are provided to selected mothers
and babies. Consultation and referral as appropriate are integrated
into the plan of care. collaborative management is provided by
assigning students to the high-risk antepartum and triage areas or
through continuity of care when patients they are caring for,
develop risk factors necessitating medical intervention. The
emphasis of this experience is the application of knowledge,
judgment and skills needed for the safe practice of nurse-midwifery.
Students develop increasing independence in their ability to provide
clinical care to women and their families.
6523 (4) Epidemiological Methodology
The course presents epidemiological principles and methods as an
approach to the study of the phenomena of health and disease. The
scientific method, the epidemiological method, the concept of
causality, descriptive epidemiology, and hypothesis formulation,
case studies, cohort studies, intervention studies, screening,
outbreaks, and research design are among the topics covered.
6527 (2) Epidemiologic Surveillance
This course intends to teach the student how to make use of
epidemiologic surveillance systems, by specific training in the
design, set-up, and evaluation of surveillance system
6528 (3) Epidemiology of Mental Diseases
The course covers the epidemiology of mental illnesses and their
socio-cultural aspects. Major emphasis is given to the
epidemiological factors, which are taken into consideration for
early detection, identification of high-risk groups, treatment, and
rehabilitation. Priority will be given to epidemiology of psychosis,
neurosis, mental retardation, accidents, suicides, and drug
6529 (3) Epidemiology of Chronic Diseases
The course covers the epidemiology of selected chronic diseases that
constitute the principal causes of death in Puerto Rico and other
countries. It analyzes the principal risk factors of these diseases
are analyzed as a basis for activities for early detection,
treatment, and prevention.
6530 (5) Statistical Methods in Epidemiology
This course is part of the concentration in epidemiology of the
M.P.H. Program. Topics included are: statistical inference, sampling
theory, regression analysis, non-parametric tests and life tables.
Principles, methods, and statistical techniques as applied to the
design, development and analysis of epidemiological studies are also
6535 (4) Epidemiology of Communicable Diseases and Epidemiological
The behavior of communicable diseases with emphasis to those, which
are important in Puerto Rico and other countries, is studied. The
following topics are included: Concepts, Principles, methods, and
procedures used for the organization and operation of an
epidemiological surveillance system for the study and control of
illnesses in general, but with a special emphasis on communicable
6536 (3) Epidemiology and Pathogenesis of Cancer
This course discusses the fundamental concepts, which give form to
an ecological causal framework, and the correlations, tendencies and
strategies of cancer epidemiology. Among the topics covered are
carcinogenesis and carcinogens, the study and formulation of control
plans, evaluation of results, and research methodology used in the
implementation and evaluation of cancer control programs.
6539 (2) Epidemiological Aspects of Public Health Practice
This course provides practical epidemiology training in the
management of public health problems through a detailed examination
of origins and nation of established policies and guidelines that
pertain to disease-prevention/control.
6547 (2) Methodological Principles in Occupational Epidemiology
This course consists of epidemiological methods applied to the study
of health problems related to the occupational environment.
6549 (5) Advanced Research Methods in Epidemiology
This course focuses on the different epidemiology research designs;
their characteristics, advantages and disadvantages. The students
will have the opportunity to develop and to apply the statistic
reasoning necessary for the quantitative analysis of each of the
research designs studied. It is expected that the students will be
able to integrate and apply the acquired design, (3) knowledge in:
(1) the elaboration of the different epidemiologic research designs,
(2) selecting the most adequate data collection methods and
statistical analysis according to the determining the sample size
according to the design, (4) identifying the statistical packages
and their application to epidemiology. The course will consist of
conference sessions and oral presentations to discuss various
topics. Through the discussion of several research proposals and
exercises, the students will have the opportunity to apply their
knowledge in the elaboration of epidemiologic research designs and
in the development of instruments for the data collection. The
statistical content of the course as well as the statistical
packages discussed will be integrated with the discussion of the
epidemiologic research designs studied.
6552 (1) Seminar in Epidemiology I
This seminar will emphasize the historical development of the
discipline of epidemiology. The seminar presents the development of
the epidemiological approach to health through readings and
discussion of classical studies. It covers the development from the
Greeks to the transition to modern epidemiology.
6553 (1) Seminar in Epidemiology II
This seminar will emphasize the historical development of the
discipline of epidemiology. The seminar presents the development of
the epidemiological approach to health through readings and
discussion of classical studies. It covers the development from the
Greeks to the transition to modern epidemiology.
6554 (1) Seminar in Epidemiology III
This seminar will help develop the skills of critical analysis of
6555 (1) Seminar in Epidemiology IV
This seminar will focus on the analysis of methods and findings of
modern epidemiologic studies. These will illustrate the development
of indicators and methods that are characteristic of our discipline
including case-control studies, cohort studies and experimental
6556 (1) Seminar in Epidemiology V
The seminar consists of discussions and presentations of recent and
current research projects in epidemiology.
6561 (4) Epidemiological Research I
The main objective of this course is to prepare the student with the
required knowledge to design an epidemiological research.
6562 (4) Epidemiological Research II
The main objective of this course is to prepare the student to apply
the required knowledge to conduct an epidemiological research.
6563 (2) Epidemiological Research III
The main objective of this course is to prepare the student to apply
the required knowledge to analyze and interpret epidemiologic data.
8002 (3) Advanced Methods in Epidemiology II
This course provides the skills to apply epidemiological principles
and methods in the study of health related events. In addition, the
student will have the epidemiologic foundations for planning,
evaluating health services, and developing public policy and
regulatory decisions. The course begins with the applications of
scientific method in the public health field. This topic includes
the phases of conception, planning, design, analysis and
communication of results. The need to obtain valid and precise
exposure measurements to different agents associated with the
disease process in a relevant topic in epidemiologic research. The
course will include the different forms and exposure measurements,
its errors and effects, and the techniques available to minimize
these errors. The types of epidemiologic studies that are used to
quantify the magnitude of the association between the exposure and
disease occurrence will be presented, emphasizing the advantages and
disadvantages of each study design. The epidemiological method will
be applied to the evaluation of health services and public policy,
with special emphasis on risk assessment and risk management.
6511(1) Introductory Proposal Seminar
The student is introduced to the first two stages of the scientific
method: the formulation of research questions and the development of
testable research hypothesis. Throughout the seminar the student is
exposed to the array of health services evaluation topic areas. The
learning experiences will help the student formulate appropriate
research questions and hypothesis in the diverse areas of evaluation
research. In addition, factors that need to be considered in the
selection of a dissertation topic are presented and discussed. These
include, for example, access to the study population or clinical
records, study time frame, and costs.
6512 (1) Intermediate Proposal Seminar
This intermediate seminar is designed to facilitate the initiation
of the development of the student=s research proposal. It is
conducted as an applied seminar to: (1) familiarize the student with
the Program=s requirements for the thesis proposal, and (2) to
assist the student in the selection and development of a research
topic. At the beginning of the seminar the students discuss the
Dissertation Manual and they explore the viability of research
topics of their interest. In the subsequent sessions the students
present the relevant literature in their area of interest. The study
questions and the conceptual models of each student=s proposed
research are examined and discussed.
6513 (1) Advanced Proposal Seminar
This seminar is designed to assist the student in the final
preparation of the research proposal. It builds upon the work
initiated in the previous seminars. Throughout this period, the
student presents the research problem, questions, design, and
methodology for the proposed dissertation research. The students
meet one on one with their preceptor who provides an opportunity to
examine diverse research designs and methods relevant to their
6515 (4) Conceptualization and Methodology for Evaluation Research
This course provides for the study and application of the different
activities of the research process, with emphasis on the selection,
definition, and development of a evaluation research problem. The
student will develop a conceptual framework and will undertake an
exhaustive literature review for the selected topic. In addition,
they will develop a methodology stating the design and procedures
that they will use in the investigation. Lastly, the student will
analyze data obtained from a pilot project.
6610 (3) Principles of Evaluation
This course introduces newly admitted students to the role on
evaluation in the health services setting and the historical needs
that have influenced the development of the discipline. Evaluation
modalities and their suitability for different decision-making needs
will be discussed. The students will begin to appreciate the
professional roles traditionally available to the evaluator. During
the course we will initiate a discussion on the responsibilities
assumed by evaluators in the field and the ethical principles
guiding the exercise of the profession. Different instructional
strategies may be used, among these, independent study,
role-playing, and work in groups.
6611 (3) Evaluation Models
In this course we discuss diverse theoretical models used for
program evaluation. Specifically, we identify the characteristic of
these models and analyze their relevance in for diverse specific
situations. We also examine strategies, and procedures relevant in
the process of focusing in evaluation according to different
evaluation models. It expected that at the end of the course, the
student is able to select an evaluation model and design an
evaluation plan for a program. The course will include mainly
conference and group discussions.
6614 (2) Evaluation of Health Services
This course presents basic concepts in evaluation research with
emphasis on the different research techniques used in monitoring
health programs. Among the topics covered are surveys and
observation for planning intervention strategies, design, and data
analysis to measure program effectiveness.
6615 (3) Development of Measurement Instruments
It is important that students develop the necessary skills for the
correct selection of measurement instruments that are appropriate
for the data collection process. This course will help students
develop necessary skills for the selection, adaptation, and
development of measurement instruments. Also, different data
collection techniques will be examined, as well as their advantages
6620 (3) Applied Statistics for Evaluation Research Studies
This course covers the application of the fundamental analytical
statistical tools to evaluation research. In addition, students are
taught to mange data banks and create or transform variables. Both
descriptive and inferential statistics are discussed. Emphasis is
placed on hypothesis testing using t tests, ANOVA, F test, Chi
square, and Odds ratios and in the analysis of logistic regression
models. At the end of the course students are expected to integrate
theory and practice so that they can handle a data set and apply the
appropriate statistical analysis for studies in evaluation research.
6628 (3) Cost-Benefit Analysis
The course introduces the student to the evaluation of health
services economic efficiency. Health services are framed within an
economic context within which inputs, such as physical facilities,
equipment, human resources, and medications are identified. These
inputs are combined and processed to exert an effect on patient
outcomes. Emphasis is placed on the limitation of resources
confronted by society and the health sector, particularly to satisfy
society=s demand for health services, which requires an efficient
use of available resources. The methodologies for cost-benefit,
cost-effectiveness, and cost-utility analysis are discussed as
applied to health services.
6630 (3) Strategies for Evaluation and Communication
This course is designed to develop skills in negotiating and
designing a program evaluation. In addition, diverse strategies for
the communication of evaluation results are presented. The
fundamental steps and activities in the design and implementation of
an evaluation plan are discussed. Specifically, the following topics
are presented: defining the program, evaluation objectives,
methodology, and budget. Skills in the effective communication
between client and evaluator are also developed. Finally, various
formats and strategies for the communication of evaluation results
6650 (1) Evaluation Practicum
The main purpose of this course is to provide student with the
opportunity to practice the theoretical concepts and skills
developed in previous courses. The practicum will also allow the
student's transition from an academic environment to an occupational
setting. The student must develop an evaluation project that
responds to the needs of the agency.
6700 (3) Thesis Project
The main purpose of this course is to facilitate the implementation
of an evaluation research project. It has been structured as an
applied project aimed at guiding the students individually through
the various phases associated with the preparation of a thesis.
During this process the student will discuss with his/her advisor
the progress and difficulties encountered in the process of data
collection, data analysis, interpretation of findings and generating
6005 (1) Introductory Seminar to Gerontology
The degree candidates of Gerontology Program will be exposed
initially to a one (1)-credit seminar. Its content is designed to
stimulate the student's own perception of aging and old age, and to
introduce them to the field of gerontology as an area of knowledge.
The essential topics in the study of the gerontology are discussed,
such as myths and stereotypes of aging, a historic path of aging
gerontology, interdisciplinary teamwork, terminology, and
6501(3) Biological Aspects of Aging
The course provides the students with a biological framework for the
comprehension of this physical needs and problems of the elderly. It
includes the biology of aging and the physiological changes in the
body tissues and organ systems that occur with aging.
6503 (3) Psychological Aspects of Aging
The course is designed to provide a multi disciplinary view of the
psychological aspects of the aging process. It provides experiences
to help the participants understand normal development, wellness,
cognoscitive process and psychopathology. It also covers special
issues such as sexuality, life styles, depression, and methods of
intervention. Problems of aging are presented within the context of
the Puerto Rican environment.
6505 (3) Clinical Aspects of Aging
The course has been designed to provide students a clinical
perspective for the attention of needs and problems of the elderly.
It complements the course on Biological Aspects of the Aging
Process. It includes discussion of the most common diseases seen in
the elderly, pharmacotherapy, nutrition, and oral health.
Environmental factors which affect the elderly and their self-care
is also examined.
6507 (3) Social Aspects of Aging
The structure and dynamics of the population, the relation between
the aging population and the economy, intergenerational relations
transfer, dependency and replacement ratios, economic growth,
inflation, and employment, are discussed. Other sociological
problems and factors affecting the Puerto Rican elderly are also
studied, including stereotypes and prejudices at community and
primary group levels.
6509 (3) Administrative Aspects of Gerontology
The course is intended to give students an understanding of the
basic principles of administration of services for senior citizens.
It contains four basic components: needs assessment, formulation and
implementation of public policy, design and functioning of the
organization, and decision-making. Dental services and health
education for the elderly are seen as examples of services.
6510 (3) Aging and Developmental Disabilities
The course is oriented toward the discussion and analysis of basic
aspects to be considered in the provision of services to aged
individuals with developmental disabilities. Manifestations of aging
among individuals with developmental disabilities will be discussed,
as well as models and principles for the delivery of services within
a holistic, bio-social perspective.
6511 (3) Interdisciplinary Intervention
Students have the opportunity to practice in a community or
institution rendering effective interventions with the elderly
within a team approach, based on the theoretical framework acquired
in the courses.
6515 (3) Ethical Issues Related to the Aging Process
Elective course designed for health professions graduate students
with interest in Gerontology and Ethical Issues of Health Care
Delivery. The principal purpose is that the student develops a
theoretical-conceptual framework and moral reasoning skills to
identify, assess critically, and manage effectively ethical issues
implied in the attention and health care of the older person. The
student will have the opportunity to examine fundamental ethical
principles and theories, practice the ethical decision making model
and analyze diverse perspectives in the elderly health care issues.
At the end of the course, the student will be able to apply
bioethical principles and methods to the solution of cases related
with health care delivery in the elderly population.
6516 (3) Productive Aging
This is an elective course addressed to students of the Master in
Public Health with Specialty in Gerontology, the Graduated
Certificate in Gerontology, and Master Students in the different
allied professions to health, and other interested students as well
that fulfill the established prerequisites. Through conferences and
groups discussion students will have the opportunity to acquire
general knowledge related with the different positions about
productive aging. The focus of the course will be the existing
situation in United States. Equally, in the measure that is
possible, the existent situation will be presented in Puerto Rico.
Through literature research, group discussions and presentations,
the student will be able to argue the concerning matters with the
social and economic role of people of advanced age in United States
and Puerto Rico.
6525 (3) Fundamentals in Gerontological Research
This is an elective course, addressed to students of the Master in
Public Health with Specialty in Gerontology, master students of the
different allied professions to the health, and other interested
students that fulfill the established prerequisites. The course is
an introduction to research in which students will have the
opportunity to acquire general knowledge related with different
variants of quantitative and qualitative investigation. Through
conferences, group discussions, and practical exercises, existent
methodologies of statistical analysis and guidelines for criticism
investigation studies will be discussed. Equally it is expected that
the student applies the steps to develop a pre-proposal in the
6990 (1-4) Special Topics in Gerontology
Special elective course for the analysis or research of issues and
problems related to the aging process and the aged from a public
health perspective. May include seminars, reports readings,
workshops, and fieldwork, among others. At the end of the course the
student will have a profound knowledge of the topic selected and
will be able to integrate the acquired concepts and apply them to
real life situations. The course will be self-directed.
6005 (5) Maternal and Child Concepts and Strategies
This course is designed to analyze the determinant factors and
particular problems, which may affect the health of the mother and
child during its growth and development. For each problem discussed,
the etiology, risk manifestations, precipitant factors, and a plan
of action for prevention and management are analyzed. The student
will develop appropriate criteria to identify needs to be satisfied
in order to promote optimum health status of the MCH population. The
course deals with the application of the technical tools of health
planning needs for the development and organization of the MCH
programs. The student will carry out an assessment of the maternal
and child health of a specific region or community. Priorities will
be ranked and recommendations will be issued for the improvement and
6055 (1) Legislation in Maternal and Child Health
This course offers the student the opportunity to become acquainted
with the trends and processes by which MCH programs have been
established in the United States and Puerto Rico. The most important
federal and Commonwealth legislation is analyzed. Intervention,
support, and advocacy measures for the promotion, regulation, and
formulation of new legislation, and the establishment of public
policy are considered and fully discussed.
6056 (2) Programs and Services for the Disabled Child
This course covers the health and social needs of the disabled child
and their implications for the planning, organizing, and
implementing of programs to meet those needs. Special attention is
given to the concept of comprehensive care.
6057 (2) The Health of the School-aged Child
This course is designed to study the physical, mental, and social
development of the child from conception to adolescence. Special
emphasis is given to the characteristics, needs, and problems of the
school-aged child, with particular consideration to those, which may
affect the learning process and how these may be identified in the
6525 (2) Human Genetics
This course provides an integrated view on genetic disorders of
major public health importance. The preventive health aspects a well
as services and resources needed to meet the needs and demands of
the population at risk are discussed in detail. Topics such as
screening programs, prenatal diagnosis, genetic effects of
environmental agents, genetic engineering, and legal aspects of
genetics are discussed.
6535 (3) Family Care in Health Services
In this course the student is introduced to the significance of
socio-economic and cultural variables affecting the family and its
health needs. Basic aspects of family health care are analyzed, as
well as the family's behavior toward it. Students acquire basic
knowledge for a comprehensive intervention in family health.
6536 (4) Research on Maternal and Child Health
The design and implementation of research projects in areas of
health services available to others and children are discussed.
General principles of research methodology are examined. The course
includes class presentations and supervised field practice.
6537 (8) Integral and Comprehensive Care
This course addresses the most important and basic issues in
maternal and child health and their implications for the planning,
organization, and delivery of comprehensive health services.
Policies, legislation, regulations, and standards, which guide and
determine the provision of these services, are carefully examined.
Special coverage is given to maternal and child care in Puerto Rico,
the role of women in contemporary society, and human life cycles as
they must be considered in public health programs.
6541 (3) Population and Family Planning
Population factors and their relation to socio-economic and health
conditions are examined. The formulation of population policies as
an integral part of a country's plans for development is emphasized.
Issues in family planning are discussed in-depth.
6570 (2) Seminar on Maternal and Child Health Services in Developing
This seminar presents approaches for the organization and provision
of maternal and child health services in developing countries,
isolated communities, and rural areas.
6500 (6) Core Course in Public Health
This is an interdisciplinary course, which introduces general
concepts of medular topics in public health. It is directed to
students who will eventually be part of the public health profession
or related fields.
Topics to be studied within the course include: general concepts and
fundamental principles of public health, the community as a subject
of study and attention for health actions, the necessary procedures
for the study of community health conditions, and the interrelation
between the community's health needs and what needs to be done to
satisfy those needs.
The course will be developed with a combined methodology. Lectures,
conferences and group discussions will be used as techniques to
study the relevant topics. Group exercises will give the students
the opportunity to use the knowledge acquired. It is expected that
the student will use and apply the concepts learned to build a
foundation for the career for which he/she is headed.
6521 (2) Biochemistry and Nutrition I
The course presents basic concepts of the chemistry and metabolism
of macro and micronutrients by means of lectures, presentations, and
readings. The student is expected to understand basic concepts of
biochemistry and its relation to nutrition.
6523 (2) Biochemistry and Nutrition II
The course presents more advanced concepts of the biochemistry and
metabolism of macro and micronutrients by means of lectures,
presentations, and readings. The student is expected to understand
more advanced concepts of biochemistry and its relation to
6528 (2) Seminar in Public Health Nutrition
This course is offered to students participating in the nutrition
program. Specific topics in nutrition are discussed as they relate
to public health problems. Emphasis is given to knowledge aimed at
solving those problems, and to the role of the nutrition expert in
that process. Students are required to do a literature review on a
special topic in preparation for a class presentation.
6531 (5) Human Nutrition
This course provides basic information on nutrition, with emphasis
on the application of principles of biology and chemistry to the
utilization of nutrients. Cell nutrition, nutrition of the
individual, recommended dietary allowances, metabolic functions and
interactions of nutrients are also studied.
6533 (5) Nutrition in Public Health
Problems of public health nutrition and their key factors are
analyzed. Recent advances in nutrition are examined as they have a
bearing on programs aimed at specific segments of the population,
and on surveillance and control of nutritional problems. The role of
the nutrition expert in the health care team is emphasized.
6535 (6) Research Project
Individual work under direction, for student at the master=s level.
Students plan and execute a research project and apply basic
techniques of scientific research. These include design, sampling,
direct observation, and interviews, and questionnaires. Students are
required to present a thesis upon completion of the research
6538 (5) Evaluation of Nutritional Status
Key indicators of the nutritional status of a community are
analyzed. The course includes the study of the methodology of
nutritional surveys. It covers indirect methods using statistical
and demographic data, and places special emphasis on direct methods
using dietetic, clinical, and biochemical information obtained by
working with selected groups of families or high risk populations.
6540 (3) Techniques for Nutritional Research
Principles and techniques for nutritional research are presented
through lectures, discussions, laboratory work, and tutorial
instruction, emphasizing methods of evaluating the nutritional
status of individuals or of a community. Student may simultaneously
participate in a variety of ongoing research projects involving
animals and or mammalian cells cultures.
6555 (2) Quality of Life and Nutrition on Persons of Fifty Years and
The course takes into consideration the epidemiological and
nutritional changes occurring in Puerto Rico during the last years,
which reflect needs mainly by the increasing population over fifty
years of age. Nutritional, health, and demographic changes and their
relationship to basic needs will be addressed. Also discussed will
be theories that explain anatomical and physiological modifications
that accompany the aging process. The course is complemented with an
analysis of nutritional habits and tendencies; nutritional needs
specific to the group of interest and a description of the
interrelationship between the Nutrition Program and Graduate School
of Public Health.
6560 (2) Planning of Nutrition Program
This course presents the evolution of concepts and levels of
planning with emphasis on their application to nutritional programs
principles and criteria involved in identifying field situations.
Priorities of nutritional problems considering political, operative,
and technical problems will be addressed. The process of
establishing objectives that respond to specific needs will be
discussed. Administrative and functional aspects of identified
projects and programs will be address in order to reach the
established goals. It will identify the components of the
nutritional strategies, to consider the different food and nutrition
situations, and the most appropriate criteria to make the choice.
6524 (3) Occupational Health Principles
Basic principles of occupational health emphasizing the prevention
and control of work accidents and illnesses are discussed. Topics
included are adverse health effects from exposure to excessive
noise, vibration, extreme temperatures, radiation, and chemicals.
The epidemiologic aspects of work accidents are covered. Techniques
for organizing and developing occupational health programs are
6525 (3) Applied Occupational Health Principles
This course covers concepts of administration of occupational health
programs. Techniques for conducting industry surveys and inspections
for the detection and control of occupational health hazards are
6528 (3) Principles of Environmental Health
The external ecological universe with its biological, physical, and
social components and to the adjustment and control of external
factors to promote the human being's health and well being. Air,
water, food, housing, waste disposal, insects, rodents, accidents,
and the physical forces of heat, light, noise, and ionizing
radiation are considered.
6529 (1) Seminar on Environmental Health
Current problems of environmental pollution and control are
discussed. Readings and reports on recent advances in environmental
health are examined in light of those problems.
6531 (4) Water Environment
This course covers the environmental and ecological considerations
of water use and its problems. Emphasis is given to tropical water
systems. Major topics include the water cycle, streams, lakes, and
6534 (4) Air Pollution
The elements, effects, and control of air pollutants are surveyed,
emphasizing the atmospheric thermodynamics, Gaussian Plume model,
motion of pollutants in the atmosphere, source sampling, removal of
pollutants, and other control practices are also discussed.
6535 (4) Environmental Toxicology
This course examines the effect of environmental stress on human
physiology. Toxic materials in the air, food, and water as causes of
disease are also analyzed. Dynamics of toxic substances on
individual populations and communities of organisms are examined
from an ecological standpoint.
Readings in Environmental Health
Supervised readings and discussions of selected problems in various
aspects of environmental health.
Readings In Environmental Health
Supervised readings and discussions of selected problems in various
aspects of environmental health.
6541 (3) Laws and Environmental Health Protection
This course surveys environmental quality laws and policies.
Regulatory aspects of pollution control programs of public health
nuisances and others environmental aspects are emphasized.
6543 (4) Industrial Hygiene
The course presents the basic concepts of industrial hygiene. The
course examines the different occupational health hazards such as
chemical, physical, biological and ergonomics, using the fundamental
principles of anticipation, recognition, evaluation and control of
these hazards. Legal aspects on occupational health, and indoor air
quality are also addressed in the course.
6544 (4) Radiological Health
This course covers the areas of radiation physics, radiochemistry,
radiobiology, and radiation detections. Methods of protection
against radiation hazards are emphasized. Control and disposal of
radioactive wastes, legal aspects, and administration of
radiological health programs are also discussed.
6545 (4) Food Hygiene
Sanitation in food production, processing, and distribution is
discussed. Both the chemical and biological aspects of sanitation
are considered. Among the topics discussed are public health
supervision of milk and food supplies with special reference to the
evaluation of current standards, laboratory methodology, equipment,
and technical problems in food processing, inspections, control
policies, enforcement, education and motivation.
6547 (4) Basic Principles in Occupational Safety
This course introduces students to the occupational safety field.
Laws dealing with occupational health and safety in the United
States and Puerto Rico are discussed. The importance of compilation
of data in occupational safety and its statistical analysis will be
stressed. Visit to working areas will be programmed so that the
students can apply concepts learned in the course.
6548 (4) Industrial Hygiene Practices
Theoretical and practical aspects of current principles and
techniques used for the evaluation of the workplace for occupational
hazards are presented in this course. The students will be
familiarized with the operation of modern instruments used for the
evaluation of chemical and physical hazards exposure in the
6565 (3) Control of Occupational Health Hazards
This course presents general principles and in-depth techniques used
to control chemical, physical and biological health hazards at work
places. Topics include: general and local exhaust ventilation, noise
control, personal protection equipments, medical surveillance,
hazard communication and administrative control.
6566 (2) Field Studies of the Workplace
This course consists of various field trips to different workplaces
and discussions where students will be able to familiarize with
specific industrial processes or activities and their associated
health hazards. The student will analyze these workplaces based on
the principles of anticipation, recognition, evaluation, and control
of occupational hazards. Visits will include different workplaces
that represent different occupational health hazards such as noise,
chemical, ergonomics, biological and radiation. Students will
present a written report of their findings and analysis.
6625 (3) Special Topics In Environmental Health
Selected problems in the field of environmental pollution are
discussed. Such ambient as air, water, and soil will be considered.
Problems associated with housing, solid wastes, insects, rodents,
and physical risks will be discussed. Special emphasis will be given
to the role of education in the control of these problems.
6635 (5) Introduction to Environmental Microbiology and Parasitology
Through conferences and class discussions the environmental health
students will study the relevant aspects of the environmental
microbiology and parasitology. They will apply this knowledge in the
control of the environmental contamination and the promotion of a
6695 (6) Research Project
Students design a research project dealing with a problem in
6696 (6) Industrial Hygiene Internship
Students will spend three months (one quarter) in a field placement
in industry, business company or a government agency. This practice
will consist of one of the following alternatives: (1) active
participation in the practice of industrial hygiene, (2)
implementation of a practical study to solve an industrial hygiene
problem, or (3) design of an industrial hygiene program for the
selected site. Students will select the site of the internship with
the advice of the faculty of the Industrial Hygiene Program. It is
expected that at the end of the internship, the student has
integrated the knowledge and skills for the anticipation,
recognition, evaluation and control of occupational health hazards.
8005 (3) Fundamentals of Environmental Health
The course fundaments of environmental health have been designed for
doctoral students, without a major in environmental health with
emphasis in Puerto Rico. The course will be conducted by means of
general discussion of topic, case studies, and current issues in
environmental health as well as problem solutions. It is expected
the participation of the students in the discussion and it will gear
around the water environment, air, soil pollution, and food hygiene
from a public point of view.
8006 (3) Environmental Physical Hazards
The course is focused on the study of theories and principles of
physics which apply to radiation, ionizing and non-ionizing. Those
physical environmental risks such as electromagnetic waves will be
studied. Emphasis will be given to radiofrequency, sound,
temperature, ultraviolet radiation, infrared and lasers. The
biological effects and the applicable regulations to these risks
within the context of public health will also be studied.
8007 (3) Water Pollution
This course examines the physics and chemistry of water from a
natural sciences and processes point of view. It analyzes the
transport of contaminants in surface water and the hydrogeology of
groundwater in order to determine the best solution for the specific
pollution problems of an area. Water quality modeling is used in
order to gain a better understanding of the reasons behind the
actual implementation of the Puerto Rico water quality standards.
Priority is given to the study of the contamination of surface
waters, drinking water, and wastewater, both from domestic as well
as from industrial sources and its effects on public health.
8008 (3) Meteorology And Atmospheric Contamination
The course will present the mathematical models for the dispersion
of atmospheric contaminants in the air as well as related
meteorological phenomena. The chemical reactions in the atmosphere
due to the concentration of certain contaminants will be given to
the legislation, regulating, and applicatible technology to
pollution control of the air with the purpose of protecting public
8009 (3) Hazardous Waste Management
The course is focused specifically on the study of toxic chemical
substances, which are generated and released into the environment as
hazardous waste. The course will start by discussing the definition,
origin, classification, and regulation of hazardous wastes. Methods
utilized in the remedial process of hazardous waste such as
management, treatment, monitoring, and health risk assessment will
be later discussed. The students are expected to apply knowledge and
skills learned, to determine approach, prevention, and solutions to
hazardous waste problems.
8010 (3) Environmental Instrumental Analysis
The course presents theoretical and practical aspects of sampling
and analysis of water, air, and soil contaminants. It consists of
the discussion of the methodologies used for the monitoring and
analysis of environmental agents, laboratory exercises and fiel
studies. Analytical techniques such as UV and visible
spectrophotometer, atomic absorption, GC, GC-MS will be included in
8016 (3) Environmental Policy and Management
The environmental policy of the United States of America and Puerto
Rico will be studied. Environmental policy of the global level will
be used as s starting point and its effects on Puerto Rico
environmental policy will be determined. A panoramically existing
model regarding environmental management will be presented as well
as ow these adjust to particular situations. The student will design
a management model for a situation could be a development project
design, a government policy, or a new regulation or law affecting
8020 (1) Environmental Health Issues
This seminar is designed to provide the students in the public
health doctorate program, essential scientific and social knowledge
and understanding needed to identify, deliberate, analyze, and
develop alternative solutions to current, significant, environmental
issues and problems of primary interest at the moment. The course
provides the means for the student to analyze environmental and
public health information related to ethical, technological, social,
economic, and implantation strategies considerations associated with
environmental issues. The course also addresses all aspects of the
most controversial issues and events that impact on public health
matters. In the beginning of the course, current environmental
problems are presented and discussed, then their relationship to
public health matters are established, and finally, various
solutions and implementation strategies are developed.
6520 (6) Public Health Field Laboratory
The students are divided into multidisciplinary teams in order to
conduct a health assessment of a community using relevant
information such as morbidity, specific health problems, and
political, socio cultural, educational, economic, and environmental
6584 (4) Administrative Aspects of Health Program
This is a course for students of the environmental health program.
It is aimed to the analysis and study of the development and content
of administration and organization as a discipline an as a process,
with emphasis on the latter, as applied to both the governmental and
the private sectors, specially to the health industries in general
and to environmental health in particular. Basic theories of the
administration process as well as its different functions, methods,
and techniques will be studied and applied to environmental health.
Substantive problems in the health services industry from the
economist point of view. The characteristics of the marketing of the
health services will be examined to determine the necessary public
policy to insure its efficiency. Topics related to the micro and
macro economics of health such as the demand and supply for health
services, its industrial organization, and its introduction to the
efficiency. An introduction to the analytical instruments used in
the health industry, such as cost-benefit analysis, programming
models, prediction, and public policy models will also be discussed.
8005 (2) Health Promotion and Prevention Models
The purpose of the course is to analyze the principal theoretical
models and approaches, and the methods and practical experiences in
the field of public health and prevention. Emphasis will be given to
the study of health promotion movement in the worldwide level. The
course analyzes the principal intervention strategies related to the
health promotion at the community, institutional structural and
global levels. The course analyzes the tendencies and challenges in
the field of health promotion in Puerto Rico.
8006 (800 hours) Doctoral Internship
Professional experience where the students will demonstrate
performance according to programmatic expectations. These
experiences will take place in different agencies related to
community health. Each specialty will select the field practice
sites. The internship will consist of a minimum of 800 hours on a
full time basis. The experience will last two trimesters.
8007 (3) Bioethics and Public Health Practice
The present course has the teaching objective of sensitize, motivate
and enable health professionals to identify, analyze and solve
bioethical problems that may occur while conducting public health
research or practice. In addition, the course is designed to help
public health professionals learn the conceptual skills and
abilities needed for the successful decision making related to
bioethical issues present in Public Health. Throughout the course,
health professionals will acquire the concept and principles of
bioethics, will be able to recognize major bioethical issues, and
also will familiarize themselves with the ethics involved in public
health research and practice. Furthermore, it is intended that the
health professional will master and apply the bioethical commitment
present in public health. Bioethical issues and value the bioethical
commitment present in public health. Bioethical issues and problems
relevant to the different concentrations within the public health
doctoral program will be selected and discussed in the present
course. The bioethical method of decision-making will be applied to
8015 (9) Doctoral Dissertation In Public Health
The purpose of this course is to enable the student to develop or
acquire such knowledge, skills and attitudes as required for the
development and implementation of a research project proposal that
will result in improvements in public health practices, in his or
her area of specialization. Each student will provide an oral
presentation of the project and will actively participate in the
conduction of the study, under the supervision of a doctoral
dissertation committee. As a minimum, this committee will be
constituted by one department faculty member (president), a
statistician (if required), a specialist in the subject matter, and
two reviewers. The course includes individual and group meetings and
discussions with the dissertation committee, independent research
and preparation of written materials.
8025 (1) Leadership Seminar
The purpose of the course is to analyze the principal leadership
theoretical models and approaches and the application in the field
of public health. The course analyzes the meaning of leadership in
terms of personal and professional development, and the social
contribution of leadership in fostering the health services in
Puerto Rico. The course includes practical experiences, public
presentations, negotiation methods, development of proposals and
8105 (3) Research In Public Health
This course aims to increase the students skills and research
knowledge to enable them to write their research project proposal.
The requirements of the proposal are examined, The themes of problem
conceptualization, research design, date-gathering techniques and
data analysis are emphasized. The student will explore their topic
of interest and will conduct a literature review, identification of
the research design and methodology appropriate to their research
problem. This course is structured.